What is Surgical Mask?
Surgical masks are used as a physical barrier to protect the user from hazards, such as splashes of large droplets of blood or body fluids.
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Surgical masks also protect other people against infection from the person wearing the surgical mask. Such masks trap large particles of body fluids that may contain bacteria or viruses expelled by the wearer.
What is Face Mask?
Surgical masks are used for several different purposes, including the following:
- Placed on sick people to limit the spread of infectious respiratory secretions to others.
- Worn by healthcare providers to prevent accidental contamination of patients’ wounds by the organisms normally present in mucus and saliva.
- Worn by workers to protect themselves from splashes or sprays of blood or bodily fluids; they may also keep contaminated fingers/hands away from the mouth and nose.
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Surgical masks are not designed or certified to prevent the inhalation of small airborne contaminants. These particles are not visible to the naked eye but may still be capable of causing infection. Surgical masks are not designed to seal tightly against the user’s face. During inhalation, much of the potentially contaminated air can pass through gaps between the face and the surgical mask and not be pulled through the filter material of the mask. Their ability to filter small particles varies significantly based upon the type of material used to make the surgical mask, so they cannot be relied upon to protect workers against airborne infectious agents. Only surgical masks that are cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to be legally marketed in the United States have been tested for their ability to resist blood and body fluids.
Surgical mask or face mask can prevent Coronavirus
Is there a difference between a N95 respirator and Surgical masks?
Yes. This article outlines some of the main differences between respirators and masks. Health care workers often use masks as part of personal protective equipment. However, masks are not respirators and are therefore not certified.
When should workers wear Surgical masks or face masks?
The decision whether to use a respirator or mask for a worker must be based on a hazard analysis of the worker’s specific working environment and the protective performance of each personal protective device.
The design of the respirator can help reduce the wearer’s breathing exposure to airborne contaminants, such as particles, gases or vapors. Respirators and filters must be selected according to the hazards present. They come in a variety of sizes and styles and should be individually selected to fit the wearer’s face and provide a tight seal. A proper seal between the user’s face and the respirator will force the inhaled air to be pulled through the filter material of the respirator, thereby providing protection.
Surgical masks, also known as surgical or medical masks, are designed to prevent large particles from the wearer / worker from contaminating the work environment or sterile areas (for example, preventing the wearer’s saliva or mucus from spreading). Surgical masks can also be used to help reduce the risk of blood, body fluids, secretions and excreta splashing or splashing into the wearer’s mouth and nose. Patients can also wear masks to help limit the spread of the infection.